In 1609, at about age twelve, William Cox arrived at James Island, Virginia, on a ship called “Godspeed”. Over the next ten generations, he passed his male y-dna from father to son, grandson, etc., down to Caswell “Cass” McClure Cox (who died in 1961). Cass and his son, Clifford Cox (who died in 1971) are both buried at Earl Park Cemetery, in Benton County, Indiana (as in TABLE 13 of “Illinois Coxes”). Another branch came down ten generations to Currin Cox now living in Oregon who has taken a y-dna test.
Y-dna Haplogroup R1b1
Currin matches the y-dna of a descendant of Claiborne Cox who died in Goochland County, Virginia, in about 1860-70. These descendants of the immigrant, William Cox, belong to y-dna haplogroup R1b1.
Hopefully, other researchers will attach other surnames to these ten generations to illustrate how long their families have been in the country.
Another William Cox (1692-1767) arrived at the William Penn Settlement in Pennsylvania thus becoming a Quaker. He married Catherine Kinkey (a granddaughter of Augustine Herman) and His family removed to North Carolina after 1753 and established the William Cox Settlement.
It is believed by some that three of William’s grandsons, Anthony, Adam and James Cox, received land after 1836 in Hutton Township, Coles County, Illinois, near Charleston, and their descendants are listed at findagrave.com (Wiley Brick Cemetery as in TABLE 3; See tab “Illinois Coxes” on the left). Anthony’s great grandson, Clifford Cox, along with his brother, Churchill, was buried at Riverview Cemetery, in Marseilles, LaSalle County, Illinois.
Some believe that William and Catherine’s son, John Cox, married in 1786, at the Cox Settlement “out of unity” with the Quaker Meeting, and their son, Joel, married Margaret “Peggy” Keenum in Bedford County, Virginia, and became the parents of Catherine Cox of Lafayette, Indiana (Table 5; See tab “Illinois Coxes” on the left). Joel and Peggy are buried at Independence Cemetery, Warren County, Indiana.
Descendants of William and Catherine are also of the haplogroup labeled R1b1.
Solomon, the son of William and Catherine, settled in Ross County, Ohio. (Incidentally, another view is that Joel and Peggy removed from Campbell County, VA, to Ross County, Ohio, and that Joel’s father was allegedly a John Cox from Germany.)
Y-dna Haplogroup J2a4h2
Perhaps by coincidence, other Coxes buried at Riverview Cemetery were descended from Littleberry Cox and were from Casey and Taylor Counties, next to Jones Chapel Cemetery, Casey County, Kentucky, near Mannsville (See tab “Kentucky Coxes” on the left). Walker Cox, my great-grandfather’s brother is buried there, and these Coxes belong to J2a4h2, which matches my own haplogroup. It’s a small world after all.
Need for Transparency
These settlers stand in sharp contrast to recent immigrants who admire America because they can inhabit a ready-made civilization and run for President even though their parents were just “tomato pickers” from Cuba, Kenya or Scotland. Surely this could not happen in England.
Perhaps the electoral process should require more transparency in displaying the candidates’ roots. This would likely create a clearer picture of just who founded and built America. Perhaps some of us are much more American than others if they have been around for a while. Perhaps the DAR (Daughters of the American Revolution) should require y-dna evidence that each paper trail back to the Revolution is correct.
Need for Y-dna Proof
Here’s my response to a genealogist living in Albuquerque who has another view on the grandfather of Littleberry Cox. She has certain that her paper trail back to the grandfather of Littleberry Cox leads to Thomas Cox and his wife, Mary.
Thank you for the phone call from Albuquerque!
I had responded to a query back in 1973 in a genealogy magazine I found in Frankfort, KY. Someone at the Albuquerque Genealogy Society posted it. My response led to corresponding with a Mary Cox, age 75, down on the border of Mexico.
She sent two letters written in 1898 by Dr. William Thomas Cox who had moved to Texas from Lebanon, TN. This William was the grandson of William Cox, a brother of my Littleberry Cox. The letters both say their branch of the Cox family (of William, Littleberry and Charles) came from Wales and settled in Campbell Co., VA, just before the Revolution.
This is where the y-dna science kicks in. It can be used to prove or disprove the paper trail we have created. Another group living near French Lick and Paoli, Indiana also claim to descend from Littleberry's brother, Charles Cox. Their Charles had a son named Thomas who built a church on the edge of his farm. His family Bible with family trees is in the French Lick public library. I have seen it. His sister, Polly, lived well over 90 years.
I sent a y-dna test to an alleged descendant of Charles free of charge, and the test results did not match mine.
Another test was taken by Tim Cox who grew up in Louisville, and he matched my 37 markers proving that our paper trails back to Littleberry Cox were accurate.
A third test was taken by a cousin living up at Lake Superior. Again the results back to Littleberry match mine proving the paper work was accurate.
A fourth test was taken by Dr. Jimmy Cox near the Pentagon, in Virginia. His markers match a William Cox who was married in Wilson County, TN.
I have tried to get Chucky Cox of New Mexico to take a y-dna test to prove he is descended from Littleberry's brother, Charles, but so far no response. This would be the fifth test besides my own. Therefore, our line is quite firm as being J2a4h2, and any other branches of the family would need to match this haplogroup.
The Y chromosome (y-dna) is passed down from father to son and grandson without changing for many generations. Their markers will match if there has not been an adoption or if the mother did not entertain a milkman along the way. Where the y-dna doesn't match, the paper trail is not valid.
I understand that this is not the standard proof sought by the DAR and genealogists of bygone years, but I need y-dna samples from a male descendant of Thomas Cox to prove your assertion that he is the grandfather of Littleberry, William and Charles.
I have found y-dna results for two descendants of William Cox, the 1598 immigrant on the Godspeed, and these two do not match my y-dna. Therefore, I have evidence that my line did not descend from this immigrant to James Island, Virginia in 1598.
Therefore, I tend to lean toward favoring as evidence the two letters that we came from Wales just before the Revolution.
As you said, it would be sensational if we descended from William Cox the immigrant, but he matches Currin Cox of Oregon and an earlier Claiborn Cox posted HERE and is closely related to Valentine Cox of Lynchburg, VA.
First let us prove that your Charles Cox of Lebanon, TN, is a brother of William Cox of Lebanon, TN, and a brother of my Littleberry Cox. I have seen documents "proving" that Littleberry's parents were John Cox and Sarah Oldham of Pennsylvania and documents that "prove" his parents were John Cox and Mary Harlan of Pennsylvania, but my y-dna does not match these Quaker Coxes at all.
I think your view is about the fifth version I have researched in much depth. Les Sutton is the FT-DNA administrator of Quaker Cox line. Another common assertion is that Littleberry's grandparents were George and Agnes Cock who lived about three miles from Littleberry. Their son, John Cock, married Mary Tweedy. The y-dna of a descendant of their son, Linius, does not match my 37 y-dna markers. You will find my chart for them on my web site.
For more detail on what I have pondered, please go to littleberrycox.com and search the tabs. If you still view your proofs that Littleberry's grandparents were Thomas and Mary Cox, I'd love to see it.
Early American Settlements were in the R1b1 Haplogroup
Another assumption is that an Israelite tribe living in Britain outgrew the country and removed to the New World. This view implies that biblical prophecies about the Israelites in “the last day” actually include the United States and the destiny of America.
However, I am proving that the early settlers of America belong to haplogroup R1b1, and the they came from northwestern Europe, which is well over 80% R1b1, not the J1 or J2 groups of the Israelites, Jews and Arabs (Ishmaelites).
The Huguenots of France (R1b1) tended to live in French-speaking communes like Manikantown, Virginia. The Welsh migrated to Welsh-speaking communes (like Petersburg, and Hat Creek, VA). Of course Jamestown, Richmond and Williamsburg, VA, spoke English.
A German colony was created as a mining settlement in Germanna, Fauquier Co., Virginia. Its 1,805 acres were divided equally among the 12 German settlers: Melchior Brumback, Joseph Coons, Harman Fishback, John Fishback, Peter Hitt, Jacob Holtzclaw, John Hoffman, John Kemper, John Joseph Martin, Jacob Rector, John Spilman, and Tillman Weaver. Researchers can go to ysearch.org to find the y-dna markers of each surname. John Marshall, a Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States was born here in 1755.